Pakistan on FATF’s ‘Enhanced Follow-up’ list for meagre progress on terror financing

Pakistan on FATF’s ‘Enhanced Follow-up’ list for meagre progress on terror financing
Islamabad: Noting that Pakistan’s measures against concealment and terror financing “is not yet sufficient to justify a re-rating”, a regional affiliate of the Financial Action Task Force on Monday retained the country on its ‘Enhanced Follow-up’ list, consistent with a media report.
The development came only a couple of weeks before the meeting of the FATF — the Paris-based global concealment and terrorist financing watchdog — to make a decision on Pakistan’s grey list status.
 
The first Follow-Up Report on Mutual Evaluation of Pakistan released by the Asia-Pacific Group (APG) underlined that the country’s progress on the 40 FATF recommendations on the effectiveness of anti-money laundering and combating financing terror (AML/CFT) system largely remained unchanged — non-compliant on four counts, partially compliant on 25 counts and largely compliant on nine recommendations, the Dawn News reported.
Pakistan has improved its full compliance on only two of the 40 FATF recommendations, the APG report noted.
“Pakistan will remain in enhanced (expedited) follow up, and can still report back to the APG on reach strengthen its implementation of AML/CFT measures,” the APG concluded in its 12-page report.
 
The APG Mutual Evaluations may be a peer-review system to work out whether countries meet the compliance standards for concealment and terror financing.
After a rustic submits a Mutual Evaluation report, APG members can plan to place a member either through regular or enhanced follow-up. While a daily follow-up means just biennial reports, a rustic anesthetize enhanced follow-up has got to send four reports of compliance the subsequent year.
The APG report noted that though the country has taken measures on recommendations concerning concealment and terror financing, the progress “is not yet sufficient to justify a re-rating”.
 
Pakistan had requested for re-ratings on three areas declared partially compliant by the APG in October last year. The request was accepted on one count and rejected on two thanks to “insufficient” reach the satisfaction of international experts.
The 41-member APG in August last year had downgraded Pakistan’s status to ‘Enhanced Follow-up’ category from ‘Regular Follow-up’ over technical deficiencies to satisfy normal international financial standards by October 2018.
‘Enhanced follow-up’ is an intensive process of correction that deals with members with significant deficiencies (for technical compliance or effectiveness) in their AML/CFT systems.
 
The APG’s report came before the virtual FATF plenary scheduled for October 21-23 during which it might be decided if Pakistan should be excluded from its grey list, supported a review of Islamabad’s performance to satisfy global commitments and standards on fight against concealment and terror financing (ML&TF).
FATF had placed Pakistan on its grey list in June 2018 and asked Islamabad to implement an idea of action to curb concealment and terror financing by the top of 2019 but the deadline was extended afterward thanks to COVID-19 pandemic.
 
Seeking to wriggle out of the FATF’s grey list, debt-ridden Pakistan in August imposed financial sanctions on 88 banned terror groups and their leaders, including 26/11 Mumbai attack mastermind and Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD) chief Hafiz Saeed, Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) chief Masood Azhar and underworld don Dawood Ibrahim.
In February, the FATF gave Pakistan, which missed 13 targets, a four-month grace period to finish its 27-point action plan against ML&TF committed with the international community.
In its third plenary held virtually in June, the FATF decided to stay Pakistan within the grey list as Islamabad did not check flow of cash to terror groups like Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) and Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM).
 
With Pakistan’s continuation within the ‘grey list’, it’s increasingly becoming difficult for the country to urge aid from the International fund (IMF), International Bank for Reconstruction and Development , Asian Development Bank (ADB) and therefore the European Union , thus further enhancing problems for the state which is during a precarious financial situation.
The APG report noted that Pakistan considered 12 terrorist organisations, including eight UN-designated entities of concern (EOCs), for threat profiles but only in terms of inflows and not outflow of funds to support terrorist activities.
 
It also noted that the National Risk Assessment (NRA) 2019 has confirmed that abuse of non-profit organisations for terror financing purposes continued to pose a big threat both domestically and externally which charities and fund-raising was a source of funds for nearly all EOCs.

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