The fertilizer trade has landed associate degree surprising pre-Diwali bonanza, with the minister Nirmala Sitharaman, on Thursday, asserting a further Rs sixty five,000 large integer grant, over and on top of the Rs seventy one,309 large integer already provided within the Union allow 2020-21.
Fertiliser firms were owed around Rs forty eight,000 large integer grant dues at the beginning of this business. The grant demand for 2020-21 alone – supported the expected consumption of individual fertilisers, price of foreign carbamide and feedstock (natural gas), rupee-dollar rate, etc – was pegged at Rs eighty,000-85,000 crore. the 2 extra up to Rs 128,000-133,000 crore.
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Given the grant provision of simply Rs seventy one,309 crore, it’d have meant an additional increase behindhand to Rs fifty six,000-62,000 crore, to be carried forward to 2021-22. “The Rs 65,000 large integer additional allocation proclaimed by the minister can wipe all outstandings thanks to the trade. the extra expenditure are approved as a part of the supplementary demands for grants within the future winter session of Parliament or once the revised estimates for this business ar placed together with the allow 2021-22,” a fertilizer department official told The Indian specific.
“We couldn’t have asked for additional. this is often like initiating with a fresh start,” aforesaid Satish Chander, director-general of the fertilizer Association of Asian nation, associate degree trade body.
It remains to be seen if this can conjointly set the stage for reforms within the existing grant regime. consequent Budget is due on February one. whereas the state polls ar over – the ruling National Democratic Alliance has emerged victorious there – assembly elections also are regular in province, Assam, Madras and Kerala in could.
Currently, farmers obtain fertilisers at MRPs (maximum retail prices) below what it prices to supply or import them. The distinction is web-toed by the Centre as grant collectible to the manufacturers/importers.
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In urea, the MRP is fastened by the govt at Rs five,922.22 per weight unit, whereas the grant is variable counting on the assembly and import price. That, in turn, currently ranges from a median of seventeen,000 to Rs twenty three,000 per weight unit, severally.
In different fertilisers, the grant is fastened, whereas the MRPs ar decontrolled. The per-tonne grant, as an example, may be a flat Rs ten,231 for di-ammonium phosphate (DAP), Rs 6,070 for muriate of hydrated oxide (MOP) and Rs eight,380 for the favored ‘10:26:26’ complicated fertilizer, whereas their corresponding MRPs (which vary from time to time and company to company) average Rs twenty four,000, Rs 17,500 and Rs twenty three,500, severally.
The reforms that the trade desires – that the govt conjointly would really like to implement, subject to political feasibleness – is bring carbamide on par with different fertilisers. In different words, liberalise its MRP and pay a hard and fast per-tonne nutrient-based grant just like that on DAP, MOP or ’10:26:26’.
That isn’t politically simple, though, only if carbamide accounted for thirty three.69 large integer tonnes (lt) of the country’s total retail fertilizer sales of sixty one.71 lt in 2019-20. Also, out of the budgeted Rs seventy one,309 large integer fertilizer grant for 2020-21, Rs 47,805 large integer was towards carbamide. the fundamental MRP of carbamide (excluding taxes and neem-coating cost) has been raised by hardly Martinmas from Rs four,830 to Rs five,360 per weight unit since Gregorian calendar month 2010. an equivalent amount, once different fertilisers were decontrolled, has seen the per-tonne MRP of DAP increase from Rs nine,350 to Rs twenty four,000 and from Rs four,455 to 17,500 for MOP.
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But this state of affairs might not be in fiscal matters property, particularly with the authorization of recent public sector carbamide plants. the primary of them, at Ramagundum in Telangana, is about} to be ready by December-end. The other, at Gorakhpur in province, is probably going to return up in August, with 2 additional – at Barauni (Bihar) and Sindri (Jharkhand) – by November-December 2021.
“The carbamide from all four plants (each with twelve.7 lt annual production capacity) can price upwards of Rs twenty five,000 per weight unit, when resolution in interest and depreciation. If the fundamental MRP remains at Rs five,360 per weight unit, the Centre’s grant bill can spiral out of hand,” admitted the earlier-quoted official.